Each kata in the Kyokushin system is listed below with its general meaning and origins.
Taikyoku - first cause or great truth; northern origins. Created by Gichin Funakoshi.
Pinan - peaceful mind; northern origins. Created by Anko Itosu who was the instructor of Gichin Funakoshi. Devotion to practice brings about a calmness of the mind and spirit.
Sanchin - three battles; southern origins. Sanchin was brought to Okinawa from China by Kanryo Higaonna. The "three battles" are often interpreted as body, mind and spirit. Sosai Oyama considered the three most important principles to be the tempo of technique, the points of power stress, and breath control. See Sosai's three principles of kata. Sanchin kata employs ibuki breathing (breathing with tension) and helps to develop ki; internal energy.
Gekisai Dai & Gekisai Sho - conquer and occupy; southern origins. The meaning associated with these two kata, created by Chojun Miyagi in 1940, can also be translated as "storm the fortress".
Yantsu - safe three / maintain purity; northern origins. Yantsu was the name of a Chinese military attache' to Okinawa. The translation "maintain purity" describes the daily stuggle to overcome obstacles to maintain a pure spirit.
Tsuki no Kata - thrusting kata; northern origins. This kata focuses on generating thrusting power from the three stability stances; kiba dachi, zenkutsu dachi, and sanchin dachi.
Tensho - turning palms / changing hands; southern origins. Created by Chojun Miyagi. This kata which is more fluid and circular was created as a complement to Sanchin which encompasses more linear "hard" technique. Sosai Oyama regarded tensho as the most indespensable of all the advanced kata.
Saiha - maximum destruction; southern origins, created by Chojun Miyagi. Promotes the expression of maximum power.
Kanku - view the heavens; northern origins. This kata was originally called Kushanku after a Chinese military attache' to Okinawa. Kanku is the representative kata of the Kyokushin system. The opening move in this kata is to raise the hands overhead with the palms facing the heavens; tips of the index fingers and thumbs touching. The practitioner gazes through the opening created by the hands. This act signifies contemplation of ones relationship with the universe. More about the kanku symbol.
Seienchin - the storm within the calm; southern origins. Literal translation can also mean "surpress the retreat" indicating that one must overcome weaknesses and suppress tendencies to give up in the face of challenges.
Garyu - reclining dragon; southern origins. This kata was created by Sosai Oyama. Garyu was Sosai's pen-name during his early years in karate. Garyu refers to one who has developed the spirit of humility, and like a reclining dragon, has great power but also has the restraint not to use it foolishly.
Sushiho - fifty four steps; northern origins. An advanced kata of the Shuri-te school. The number fifty-four holds important significance in Buddhist philosophy.
Seipai - eighteen hands; southern origins. One of the most advanced kata of the Naha-te school with Kyokushin's version differing greatly from the Goju kata.